Research Center: Organization of The Texas Ranger Force in 1911
Laws and Regulations Pertaining to the Organization of the Texas Rangers
Organization of The Texas Rangers in 1911
Editor's Note - In 1911, the laws pertaining to Texas Rangers were revised to further strengthen the force.
The most noticeable change was the creation of a headquarters company and the appointment of a senior captain (a rank existing today). The four companies were reorganized not to exceed one captain, one sergeant and fifteen privates. The Governor could create more companies if the need arose.
Pay for Rangers was improved, longevity pay was added, but Rangers were still required to provide their own horses saddles and tack. Firearms were to be supplied by the State and deducted from their pay, although in practice most Rangers appear to have preferred their own weapons.
PROVIDING FOR THE REORGANIZATION OF THE STATE
RANGER FORCE FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE FRONTIER AND SUPPRESSION OF LAWLESSNESS
THROUGHOUT THE STATE.
H. B. No. 5.1 CHAPTER 144.
An Act to amend Title 116, the Revised Civil Statutes of the State of Texas including Articles 6754 6755, 6756, 6757, 6758, 6759, 6760, 6761, 6762, 6763, 6764, 6f65, 6766 be amended and Article 6767 added thereto, said Act providing for the organization of a ranger force for the protecting of the frontier against marauders or thieving parties; for the suppression of lawlessness and crime throughout the State; to prescribe the duties and powers of members of such force; to regulate their compensation; and declaring an emergency.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Texas:
SECTION 1. Title 116 of the Revised Civil Statutes of the State of Texas including Articles 6754, 6755, 6756, 6757, 6758, 6759Y 6760, 6761, 6762, 6763, 6764, 6765, 6766 be amended and Article 6767 be added thereto so that they will hereafter read as follows:
Article 6754. The ranger force authorized to be organized by the Governor is for the purpose of protecting the frontier against marauding or thieving parties, and for the suppression of lawlessness and crime throughout the State, and to aid in the enforcement of the laws of the State.
Article 6755. The ranger force shall consist of not to exceed one headquarters company and four companies of mounted men, except in cases of emergency, when the Governor shall have authority to increase the force to meet extraordinary conditions.
Article 6756. The pay of officers and men shall be as follows: Captains $150.00 each per month; sergeants $100.00 each per month and privates $90.00 each per month, except as herein otherwise provided. The payment shall be made monthly at such times and in such manner as the Adjutant General of the State may prescribe.
Article 6757. The Governor shall appoint a quartermaster for the ranger force, who shall discharge the duties of a quartermaster, commissary and paymaster, and shall have the rank and pay of a captain.
Article 6758. This force shall always be under
the command of the Governor; to be operated under his direction
in such manner, in such detachments, and in such localities
as the Governor may direct, acting by and through the Adjutant
Article 6764. Clothed with Powers of Peace
Officers. The officers, non-commissioned officers and privates
of this force shall be clothed with all the powers of peace
officers, and shall aid the regular civil authorities in the
execution of the laws. They shall have authority to make arrests,
and to execute process in criminal cases, and in such cases
they shall be governed by law regulating and defining the powers
and duties of sheriffs when in discharge of similar duties;
except that they shall have the power and shall be authorized
to make arrests and to execute all process in criminal cases
in any county in the State. They shall, before entering on the
discharge of these duties, take an oath before some authority
legally authorized to administer the same, that each of them
will faithfully perform his duties in accordance with law. In
order to arrest and bring to Justice men who have banded together
for the purpose of committing robbery, or other felonies, and
to prevent prevent the execution of the laws, the officers,
non-commissioned officers and privates of said force may accept
the services of such citizens as shall volunteer to aid them;
but while so engaged such citizens shall not receive pay from
the State for such services.
Article 6766a. All officers and men selected
under this Act shall be men of good moral character, shall furnish
satisfactory evidence thereof, sober, of sound judgment and
shall conform to such qualifications as the Governor shall prescribe
for appointment, and all applications for appointment to the
ranger force shall be made to the Governor, who shall pass upon
the qualifications of each applicant for a position on such
force. Provided, however, that no person shall be appointed
to the ranger force who is not a citizen of the United States
and of Texas, and preference shall always be given to discharged
soldiers holding certificates of honorable discharge from the
United States Army.
Becomes effective 90 days after adjournment.
Laws Founding and Organizing the Texas Rangers
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